Hypertension, one of the leading causes of death in the world, is seen in 1 out of every 3 people in Turkey. While the majority of the disease is seen in the middle age group, the rate of incidence under the age of 30 is stated as 12%. Hypertension, which is less common in women than in men, can be hidden for years without any symptoms and can cause target organ damage such as stroke, heart attack, heart failure, heart rhythm disorder, peripheral vascular disease, aortic dilatation and rupture, and kidney failure.
“HYPERTENSION IS AN INSIDERABLE DISEASE”
Cardiology Specialist Dr. Kadir Polat stated that hypertension may not be noticed because it is an insidious disease.
Paul, “Headache, neck pain, dizziness, shortness of breath, fatigue, palpitations, visual impairment, chest pain, ringing in the ears, swelling in the legs are the most common symptoms of hypertension. However, some patients may not have symptoms despite high blood pressure. 85-95 percent of hypertension is classified as blood pressure of unknown cause. 5-15 percent occur due to a reason. By eliminating this cause, hypertension is treated. Thyroid diseases, benign tumors that secrete hormones from the adrenal gland, narrowing of the vessel leading to the kidney, and congenital narrowing of the aorta (coarctation) are the most common causes of secondary hypertension. used the phrases.
“BIRTH CONTROL PILLS AND PAIN RELIEF CAN CAUSE HYPERTENSION”
Stating that the risk of developing the disease is higher in people with hypertension in their mother, father or siblings, Polat noted the following regarding the main factors causing the disease:
“Genetic factors, obesity, stress, sedentary lifestyle, smoking and consumption of more than 4-5 glasses of alcohol per week can cause hypertension. A waist circumference of more than 88 centimeters in women and 102 centimeters in men poses a risk for the development of hypertension. While a body mass index below 25kg/m2 provides protection against the disease, the risk of hypertension increases in people above this rate. Apart from all these, birth control pills and painkillers can increase blood pressure in the body and cause hypertension.
“MEASUREMENTS AT HOME REFLECT BLOOD PRESSURE BETTER”
exp. Dr. Kadir Polat stated that by measuring blood pressure, it can be understood whether you have hypertension or not.
Stating that this measurement should be done in appropriate conditions and environment, Polat said, “It is necessary to have not smoked coffee, tea or cigarettes in the last half hour, and to have rested for ten minutes. However, studies are based on ambulatory blood pressure measurement out of the office or measurements at home according to office measurements. shows a stronger relationship with target organ damage and risk of cardiovascular disease.White coat hypertension can be seen due to stress in office measurements. Therefore, measurements at home are more meaningful because they better reflect blood pressure in daily life and many measurements are taken. In some patients, blood pressure is high at home It may be normal in hospital measurement, which is defined as masked hypertension. made its assessment.
METHODS OF PREVENTION FROM HYPERTENSION
Stating that lifestyle change against hypertension is the basis of treatment and prevention, Polat said, “following blood pressure, quitting smoking, limiting alcohol consumption to a maximum of four glasses a week, reducing salt consumption per day, doing regular physical exercise, doing 5 drinks a week. daily brisk walking, doing aerobic exercises (swimming, cycling, etc.), controlling weight and fighting stress.” listed as.