POVERTY, CORRECTION AND BIGGEST GRACE CAUSED BY THE MEDIEVAL!
He is known by the public as a journalist and television programmer, and has authored twelve books on Turkish political life. Merdan Volcano based on a recently published doctoral thesis The Gate of Ijtihad: The Enduring Middle Ages of the Islamic World He clearly reveals his academic background and ideological preferences.
Consisting of seven chapters, the book focuses on the causes and consequences of the backwardness of the Islamic world. It examines the poverty, corruption and bigotry caused by this protracted Middle Ages. It examines the historical, political, cultural, religious and social backgrounds of terrorist organizations produced by intellectual backwardness.
THE BIGGEST SUICIDE IN HUMAN HISTORY!
It explores the dimensions of the great catastrophe created by the exclusion of reason, science and philosophy. Volcano this situation, “The biggest suicide in human history” refers to as. Interruption of interpretation and updating in Islam, with widespread use “Shutting the door of ijtihad” discussing the reasons.
Volcano; In his book, he does not only focus on the past, does not only study history, but also allows us to ask important questions about the actual current. It deals with the causes and consequences of the current crisis and turmoil in the Islamic world. He emphasizes that disconnecting from reason and science is also disconnecting from reality and life.
THE SOVEREIGN POWERS OF THE ISLAMIC WORLD AND TODAY!
In the book, the Great Seljuk State Vizier-i Azam Nizamü’l Mulk‘s state and political philosophy has an important place. Underlining the critical role he played in the process of politicization of the religion of Islam, Yanardag analyzes different schools and sects in Islam through the political rivalry between them.
In this context, especially Ash’arism and Mu’tazila big difference between Imam Ghazali and Ibn Rushd stands on the great chasm between It tells about whom the dominant powers in the Islamic world make their choices.
Imam Ghazaliof, Ijtihad GateYanardag stated that the consequences of declaring that it is closed are still being experienced today. predecessor currents, Muslim Brothers your organization, ISIS, Al Qaeda, Taliban interprets terrorist organizations such as
THE EFFECT OF POLITICAL RELIGION
Volcano in his work “Why the Islamic world could not overcome its Medieval Age” and “Why did Muslim societies lag behind?” While asking questions, he emphasizes that religion is a very effective, powerful, organized and functional ideological device in the hands of those who run the state.
He states that as religion becomes politicized, politics becomes more influenced by religion. Nizamü’l Mulk‘s influence to the present day, political philosophy and theory of the state, Imam Ghazali’It reveals how the religion complements each other with its religious interpretations.
A POLITICAL, IDEOLOGICAL AND CURRENT CALCULATION
“This decision of Nizamü’l Mulk, who appointed Imam Ghazali to head the Nizamiye Madrasahs, is the most decisive step of the historical break that started the Middle Ages of Islam” who says Volcano, He also implicitly criticizes sociology in his 364-page book.
Because, although the study is handled within the scope of historical sociology, political sociology, sociology of religion, it mainly includes a political, ideological and current reckoning. In this aspect Marx, Weber and AlthusserIt includes the opinions of
Announcing that he will include interviews and interviews with a number of historians, political scientists, social scientists and theologians within the scope of his doctoral study, in his book that will be published soon. VolcanoHe ends his book with the following statement:
SOCIETY CLOSING ON ITS OWN
“At the end of the process, religion does not come under the control of the state, but the state comes under the control of religion. In religion-state-society relations, religion assumes a role that determines the other two areas. He closes himself in society, or rather, on himself. The country is moving away from reason and science. The dominant understanding of Islam prevents the phenomenon of change from being perceived, understood and comprehended.
The inferiority complex, created by a widespread and deep sense of defeat for four centuries, manifests itself in all areas of life. Cruelty, glorification of the past, literature of escapism to the past functions as a shawl that covers the truth”.
In short, Dr. Merdan Yanardag, Ahmet Hamdi Tanpinarin the words of “Longing for an ambiguous past” It also opens up academic and ideological horizons, while revealing what a great mistake and defeat those who are in it actually experienced.
The Gate of Ijtihad: The Continuing Middle Ages of the Islamic World / Merdan Yanardağ / Kırmızı Kedi Publishing House / 364 p. / 2022.